Terms of Reference
TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE CITY
Global Challenges and Local Responses
Commemoration of the 55th Anniversary of the 1955 Bandung Asian-African Conference
Yogyakarta, October 25-27, 2010
Globalization poses two challenges for the cities. The first one, at macro level, is the global ecological crisis (the decreasing sources of fossil energy, the pollution, the climate changes,…). The second one, at micro level, is the acceleration of urbanization and urban growth. The actors of urban planning and development are supposed therefore to “act locally, think globally”.
At local level, the urbanization and urban growth are accompanied by the increasing volume of material supports related to the survival and the comfort of the inhabitants (food, infrastructure, building, energy, means of transport, equipments, gadgets,…but also rubbish, garbage, trash, waste,…) and the increasing diversity of non-material elements related to the meanings of their life (ethnicity, religion, way of life, ideological affiliation, artistic creation, cultural expression,…).
The problem is that all those phenomena of growth are confronted with the limited resources of support (space, ecosystem, energy, fund, technology,…). If there is no appropriate measure related to this reality, the foreseeable consequences would be twofold: the degradation of urban ecology at one side, the increasing social tension at the other side. At the end, if there is no solution, the city will become a hell for the majority of its inhabitants where deceases, chaos, pollution, crimes, violence, mafia,… will be the norms.
In this situation, two main actors of urban development appear often to be in the opposing position, especially in the developing world of Africa, Asia and Latin America. At one side, the government is often confronted with the lack of knowledge, technology and fund for bringing the city into a favorable place of development for its inhabitants. The government tends also to apply theoretical approaches, norms and standards imported from Western-industrialised-developed countries in urban planning and design, which often do not correspond to the local context. At the other side, the people are obliged to struggle with their own means for their survival and/or the improvement of their living condition. Their activities and actions often do not correspond to the norms, rules and standards adopted by the government.
This general phenomenon raises several questions. How do the actors of urban development (government, people, civil society, private sector, university,…) in the developing world (Africa, Asia, Latin America) deal with the aforementioned double challenge? Is there any coordinated role sharing between actors? Or, does every actor acts independently according to its own capacity? What is the role of the government in this situation? Does it have any concept, plan and action related to the challenges? How about people? How do they perceive the challenge? Do they get organized to take care of the challenge?
The international seminar and workshop are prepared to answer such questions. Special attention will be paid to diversity issues, especially cultural, economical, political and religious ones, which can be sources of well being, but also sources of conflicts.
Papers dealing with concrete case studies from the developing world are expected to feed the reflection towards a common understanding of the problem and joint efforts for solutions. Field visit to the kampongs (people-built urban neighborhood) of Yogyakarta are planned to illustrate the challenges with real examples.
Mr. Alban Bourcier, France — Doctor, Geography, Associate Professor, Geography and Planning, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Le Havre, France; Researcher, CIRTAI - UMR 6266 "IDEES" du CNRS (Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Mobilities), University of Le Havre, France.
Mr. Bakti Setiawan, Indonesia — Professor, Doctor, Architecture and Urban Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta; Director, MPKD (Magister Perencanaan Kota dan Daerah / Graduate Program in Urban and Regional Planning), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Mr. Punto Wijayanto, Indonesia — Architect, Town Planner, Volunteer, Yayasan Pondok Rakyat (People’s Shelter Foundation), Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Seminar Co-organising Institutions
(Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche sur les mobilités / Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Mobilities) Université du Havre
25, rue Philippe Lebon Le Havre 76086 Cedex FRANCE
Phone: +33-22.214.171.124.35 Fax: +33-126.96.36.199.34 http://www.cirtai.org/
(Magister Perencanaan Kota dan Daerah / Master’s Degree in Urban and Regional Planning) Universitas Gadjah Mada
Jalan Grafika No. 2 Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA
Phone +62-274-580095 Fax +62-274-580852 http://mpkd.ugm.ac.id/
(Yayasan Pondok Rakyat / People’s Shelter Foundation)
Jalan Nagan Lor 19, Yogyakarta 55133 INDONESIA
Phone/Fax +62-274-372 525 http://ypr.or.id/id/