Terms of Reference



The State, Society, and Endogenous Development


International Seminar

Commemoration of the 55th Anniversary of the 1955 Bandung Asian-African Conference

Yogyakarta, October 25-27, 2010





The emergence of Third-Worldism or the Global South in world history at the end of WWII is arguably the dominant political and intellectual movement of the 20th century. Meanwhile, nationalism in the Global South and the related projects of modernization remain essentially unfulfilled. What factors can account for the relative progress of certain Asian nations versus the apparent developmental gridlock in Africa although the two regions projected perfectly comparable socio-economic indicators after the oil crisis of the 1970s?


If we posit that Third-Worldism in general, and the Afro-Asian movement incepted through Bandung in particular, at their core, aimed to recast the historical initiative away from the implacable colonialist Western powers; then we are likely to find ourselves in the presence of a stalled doctrine, devoid of meaningful expansion/transfers of political models, and compounded to disjointed forums.

The various development formulas (e.g. out of China, India, and Malaysia) because they yield satisfactory results, should probably be emulated by African nations. This opens the floor to a key question: how should channels of Afro-Asian solidarity be approached in the 21st century?


The 55th anniversary year of the Bandung Conference in the current context of ideological disorientation, including within the very temples of knowledge (governments, academia, and civil society organizations) offers yet another opportunity for actors and analysts of Afro-Asian life to tackle challenging questions and task themselves with timely assignments along the following lines:

-    Determine if Third-Worldism is a mental construct, a theory arranging history a posteriori or if it is rather a genuine, long-lasting ideology ;

-    Compare and contrast political experimentations in present and former circles (to varying degrees) of "South-South" political revival in Algeria, Angola, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Guinea Conakry, India, Kenya, Lybia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mozambique, South Africa (ANC and PAC), Syria, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe ;

-    Explain the original causes of the profound fragmentation of so-called antiliberal forces outside the Western world ;

-    Theorize how, from empirical realities and observable trends within African and Asian nations, alternative models of development relying on liberating spiritual traditions, auto-centered advancement, and federalism can be designed ;

-    Reassess the nature of structural relationships between economics and politics in "poor" countries and the impact of those relationships on conflict management;

-    Speculate on the roles of the State in assisting the development of public sector entrepreneurship (growth of "state capitalism") ;

-    Evaluate the challenges of Afro-Asian solidarity while a small number of affluent and emerging countries in the 2 continents connive with controversial international trade laws ;

-    And gauge comparatively the achievements and challenges of regional integration for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN).


Seminar Coordinators


Mr. Jean-Jacques Ngor Sène, Senegal / USA — Assistant Professor of African History and Social Anthropology, Doctor, Department of History, Policy and Government, Chatham University, Pittsburgh (PA), USA.

Mr. Mohtar Masoed, Indonesia — Professor, Doctor, Political Scientist, Department of International Relations Studies, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Mr. P.M. Laksono, Indonesia — Doctor, Anthropology, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University; Director, Centre for Asia-Pacific Studies, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta.



Seminar Co-organising Institutions



(Pusat Studi Asia-Pasifik / Centre for Asia-Pacific Studies) Universitas Gadjah Mada

Bulaksumur B-13 Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA

Phone +62-274-557 845 / 649 1054 Fax +62-274-557 845 http://caps.ugm.ac.id/



(Pusat Studi Keamanan dan Perdamaian / Center for Security and Peace Studies) Universitas Gadjah Mada

Sekip K-9 Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA

Phone/Fax. 62 274 520733 http://csps.ugm.ac.id/