Terms of Reference



Condition, Motor, Obstacle or Goal of Sustainable Development?


International Seminar

Commemoration of the 55th Anniversary of the 1955 Bandung Asian-African Conference

Yogyakarta, October 25-27, 2010





65 years after the World War II, 55 years after Bandung Asian-African Conference 1955 and 20 years after the Cold War, wars and violent conflicts still take place, not only between Nation-States, but also inside the Nation-States (e.g. conflicts around ethnic and religious differences). The hegemony of the powerful continues to function, not only at global level, but also at national even local level (e.g. domination of one socio-cultural group upon the others). The weak continue to exist, not only at global scale but also at national even local scale. Ironically, solidarity towards the weak often happens within a socio-cultural group and becomes a means for opposition to another group (e.g. solidarity based on ethnic or religious community).


Put in the perspective of globalisation, — where the movement of ideas, thoughts, data, knowledge, opinions, propaganda, values, messages,.. can go beyond the control of Nation-State, where the collective awareness on the interdependence between human beings, societies and environment at global level is increasing, where a global civil society is in its construction, where the sovereignty of Nation-State upon the interior affairs is challenged by civil society movements, — those realities raise question why? What to do?


It seems clear that the common denominator of those conflicts is the diversity (of ethnic groups, religious communities, economic modes of production, ideological stands,…), which is not taken into account or insufficiently taken into account in the governance within and among the Nation-States, so that it generates conflicts instead of wellbeing. And religious diversity is a potential source if not a real cause of social conflicts and wars between and inside the Nation-States.


So, the question is how do Nation-State, Civil Society Organisations and Religious Authorities deal with religious diversity in the context of globalisation? Do they consider religious diversity as a condition, a motor, an obstacle or a goal of sustainable development?


A collective work of researchers and activists of civil society organisations is needed to answer those questions. Two main “raw materials” are supposed to be the object of reflection. The first one is the “reality” of social life where two or more religious communities live together in peace or in conflict. The second one is the “discourse” of the Nation-State (constitution, law, presidential decree, governmental measures, police operations, army interventions, and other types of concept and practice by the agents of Nation-State), the Civil Society Organisations (NGO and academic world) and the Religious Authorities (Churches, Councils of Ulama, Buddhist Sangha Councils,…) regarding religious diversity.


That is why, the seminar will include topics like:

- The Legal-constitutional Challenges for the New Spiritual Movements

- Christianity Facing its Diversification

- Religion and Citizenship: the Challenge of Multiple Identities

- Religion in the Public Sphere: challenge or opportunity?

- Diverse Spiritualities in Global Society: Blessing or Chaos?

- Management of Religious Diversity: the Role of the State and Civil Society Organisations

- The Challenge of Spiritual Diversity for Transnastional Religions in Globalised Society

- Ecospiritual Movement and Transnational Religions: Foes or Allies?

- Religions and environmental crises: contributions of religious concepts and practices

- Reframing the Mission: Religions in Transnational Social Movements

- Local Javanese Tradition and Islam: Acculturation or Peaceful Co-existence?

- Indigenuous Religions, World Religions: should the State protect minority indigenous religions?


Seminar Coordinators


Mr. Darwis Khudori, Indonesia / France / Burkina Faso — Doctor, Architect and Historian, Associate Professor, Faculty of International Affairs, University of Le Havre, France; GRIC (Group of Research on Identity and Culture), University of Le Havre, France; Yayasan Pondok Rakyat (People’s Shelter Foundation), Yogyakarta, Indonesia; C.I.J.K. (International Committee Joseph Ki-Zerbo), France / Burkina Faso; International Network on Development and Civilisations LEBRET-IRFED, Paris, France.

Ms Fatimah Husein, Indonesia — Doctor, Religious Studies, Lecturer and Researcher, CRCS (Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies), Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Ms Musdah Mulia, Indonesia — Professor, Doctor, Islamic Studies; Jakarta Islamic State’s University, Indonesia; L.I.P.I. (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia / Indonesian Institute of Science), Indonesia; I.C.R.P. (Indonesian Conference on Religion and Peace), Jakarta, Indonesia.

Mr. Zainal Abidin Bagir, Indonesia — Doctor, Philosophy and Religious Studies, CRCS (Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies), Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.



Seminar Co-organising Institutions



(Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies) Universitas Gadjah Mada

Graduate School Building, III-IV Floor Jalan Teknika Utara Pogung Yogyakarta 55281 INDONESIA

Phone/Fax : + 62-274-544 976 http://www.crcs.ugm.ac.id/



(Groupe de recherche identités et cultures / Group of Research Identities and Cultures) Université du Havre

25, rue Philippe Lebon BP420 Le Havre 76057 FRANCE

Phone +33-2 32 74 41 60 Fax +33 2 32 74 41 47 http://www.univ-lehavre.fr/recherche/gric/index.php



(Indonesian Conference on Religion and Peace)

Jalan Cempaka Putih Barat XXI No.34, Jakarta 10520, INDONESIA

Phone +62-21-42802349 / 42802350 Fax +62-21-4227243 http://v2.icrp-online.org/